Constitution & Bylaws

of the

Constitution Party of Oregon

Article I - Name

The name of this organization shall be the Constitution Party of Oregon and its respective counties, hereinafter called the Party.

Article II - Purpose

The purpose of the Party shall be to provide all Party members registered to vote in the State of Oregon with a vehicle to achieve three objectives:

(1) to create an opportunity to express political hopes and aspirations,

(2) to develop a consensus on the proper role and function of government based upon the American Heritage of individual rights and responsibilities under God, and

(3) to effectively channel energy into political changes that satisfy those hopes and aspirations and reflect that consensus by electing candidates to public office, passing ballot measures, adopting resolutions, organizing boycotts, etc.

Article III - Organization

The organization of the Party shall consist of the Precinct Caucuses (PCs), the County Nominating Conventions (CNCs), the County Central Committees (CCCs) together with their County Executive Committees (CECs), County Standing Committees (CSCs), County Executive Officers, and other officers, delegates and committees created under the authority of their bylaws, the Congressional District Nominating Conventions (CDNCs), the Statewide Nominating Convention (SNC), the State Central Committee (SCC), the State Executive Committee (SEC), the Steering Committee (SC) and other officers, delegates and committees created under the authority of Oregon law and this constitution and bylaws.

A. The Precinct Caucuses (PCs)

The PCs of the Party shall consist of all Party members currently registered to vote in their respective precincts.

The biennial organizational meetings of the PCs shall be called in the Primary Election year on the first Saturday in April at the times and places selected by the outgoing County Central Committees of the Party, or as otherwise decided by the State Central Committee of the Party, to serve instead of a Primary Election for the Party in Oregon. Notice of the biennial organizational meetings of the PCs shall be published by at least one advertisement in three newspapers of general circulation in each county not less than ten days before the meeting date or (if there are less than three newspapers of general circulation in a given county) by at least one advertisement in one newspaper of general circulation in that given county not less than ten days before the meeting date and at least ten days direct notice by phone, mail, fax, e-mail or in person to all Party members registered to vote in a given precinct as of January 31 in the Primary Election year. At those meetings the Party members present shall:

(1) take a roll of all Party members in attendance,

(2) elect a PC Chairman and PC Secretary for their precinct that shall serve through the date of the next biennial organizational meeting.

(3) elect a County Nominating Convention delegate for every fifty Party voters or major fraction thereof registered in their respective precinct, with a minimum of one delegate per precinct, which shall serve through the date of the next PC biennial organizational meeting, and

(4) elect a County Central Committee precinct committeeman and committeewoman for every five hundred voters or major fraction thereof registered in their respective precinct, with a minimum of one each per precinct, to serve through the date of the next PC biennial organizational meeting.

Within seventy-two hours of the PC biennial organizational meeting the PC Chairmen and Secretaries of each PC so convened and thereby organized shall certify the names of those in attendance and of the officers, delegates and precinct committee persons elected by the PC to the current Chairmen of the County Central Committees of the Party of their respective counties if there be such officer and/or to the current State Party Chairman of the Party. They shall also certify to the chief elections officers of their counties the names and addresses of the person(s) elected from their precincts to the office of precinct committeeperson. (Any elective position not filled at the biennial organizational meeting of a PC may be filled at any subsequent PC meeting, with the same certification made to the appropriate officials in the same timely manner.)

The time and place of regular meetings of the PCs shall be established by majority vote at the PC biennial organizational meeting, or at any regular or special meeting held thereafter. A quorum at a regular meeting shall consist of all Party member residents of the precinct in attendance.

Special meetings of the PCs may be announced in person, by phone call, by electronic media or by mail at least ten days before the meeting date. A quorum at a special meeting shall consist of fifty percent of all Party members registered in the precinct.

Resolutions may be adopted at any meeting of a PC by simple majority of those present on any matter whatsoever.

Identical resolutions concurrently adopted by not less than three-fifths of the organized PCs of the Party of a given county during any biennium shall be take precedence over planks of the platform and resolutions adopted by the County Central Committee.

Amendments to the bylaws of the Party of a given county may be proposed by identical concurrently adopted resolutions of the PCs, and if proposed by not less than three-fifths of the organized PCs of the Party of a given county during any biennium shall take precedence over bylaws adopted or amended by the County Central Committee.

Those resolutions shall be instructive to the delegates and precinct committeepersons elected by that PC. Failure to act on that instruction shall be grounds for recall. A PC shall have the sole authority to recall precinct committeepersons elected by it to the County Central Committee of the Party of a given county or delegates elected by it to the County Nominating Convention of the Party of a given county. A PC may vote to recall its officers, precinct committeepersons or delegates by two-thirds majority vote at any regular or special meeting without previous notice, and shall elect the replacements at the same meeting and certify them within seventy-two hours to the Chairman of the County Central Committee of the Party of a given county if there be such officer and/or to the current Chairman of the State Central Committee of the Party and, in the case of precinct committee persons, to the county's chief elections officer.

B. The County Nominating Convention (CNC)

The CNC shall consist of all delegates elected by the organized Precinct Caucuses of the Party of a given county. They shall serve from time of election until their successor shall be elected in a Precinct Caucus, unless they vacate their office by reason of death, resignation or recall. All votes by the delegates to the CNC shall be by roll call.

The biennial organizational meeting of the CNC in a given county shall be called and conducted by the current Chairman of the County Central Committee of the Party of that given county in the Primary Election year on the third Saturday in April at the times and places determined by the outgoing County Central Committees, or as otherwise decided by the State Central Committee of the Party, to serve instead of a Primary Election for the Party for nominating candidates to public office. At that meeting the delegates to the CNCs shall set the times and places of the biennial organizational meetings of the County Central Committees of the Party, which meetings shall be held on the first Saturday of May. They shall adopt a ballot procedure for nominating or endorsing candidates for public office whose election districts are wholly within the boundaries of their counties. The procedures that they adopt must result in a final ballot which achieves a simple majority in favor of each nominated or endorsed candidate. They shall immediately proceed to those nominations or endorsements. They shall elect the number of delegates to the Congressional District Nominating Conventions to which they are entitled. Minutes of those meetings shall be kept by the Secretaries of the outgoing County Central Committees of their counties.

The CNCs shall have the authority to nominate or endorse candidates for public office and to censure officeholders elected as Party candidates at special meetings called for that purpose. Special meetings of a CNC may be called:

(1) by the Chairman of the County Central Committee of the Party,

(2) by majority vote of the County Central Committee of the Party or

(3) by petition signed by at least ten percent of the delegates to the CNC,

with the responsibility for notice of said special meetings being borne by the person(s) calling the meeting. They shall be chaired by the current Chairman of the County Central Committee of the Party of their county and their minutes shall be kept by the current Secretary of the County Central Committee of the Party of their county. A quorum for a CNC shall consist of all delegates in attendance, with not less than ten days written notice mailed to all the delegates to that CNC.

C. The County Central Committee (CCC)

The CCCs of the Party shall consist of all elected Precinct Committeepersons of a given county. They shall serve from time of election until their successor shall be elected in a Party Precinct Caucus, unless they vacate their office by reason of death, resignation or recall.

The organizational meeting of the newly elected precinct committee persons of the CCC shall be called to order by the current Chairman on the first Saturday in May at the time and place determined at that year's biennial meeting of the County Nominating Convention, or as otherwise decided by the State Central Committee of the Party, with not less than six days written notice to each precinct committeeperson. At the organizational meeting, the minimum officers required by Oregon law shall be elected. Delegates to the State Central Committee may be elected. County bylaws not in conflict with this constitution and bylaws may be adopted, and further business specified in those bylaws shall be executed. (Adopted bylaws shall titled County Addendum to Party Constitution and Bylaws) Platforms for the Party of their counties may be adopted or revised. Those present at the organizational meeting shall constitute a quorum for that meeting. The one presiding over the organizational meeting shall notify the County Clerk and the State Party Secretary of the officers elected at that meeting within seventy-two hours, and deliver a copy of any adopted county bylaws to the State Party Secretary.

The time and place of regular meetings of a CCC shall be established by standing rule.

Special meetings of a CCC may be called:

(1) by its Chairman,

(2) by majority vote of the County Executive Committee or

(3) by petition signed by at least ten percent of the members of the CCC,

with notice postmarked not less than six days prior to the meeting date and the responsibility for notice of said special meetings being borne by the person(s) calling the meeting.

A quorum for regular and special meetings of the CCC shall be fifty percent of all current members of the CCC.

Each CCC shall enjoy complete autonomy from the organizations of other counties and the state party in any strictly county matter, as determined by that county. At any meeting having a quorum, the CCC may transact any business allowed it under state or federal law, and not prohibited it by its bylaws or the constitution and bylaws of the Party. All CCC business requiring more than a simple majority to pass shall be by roll-call vote. All meetings of the CCC may be attended by any person(s) registered with the Party.

D. The Congressional District Nominating Conventions (CDNCs)

The CDNCs of the Party shall consist of the delegates selected by the County Nominating Conventions of each organized county within the boundaries of the congressional district. Each organized county shall be entitled to not less than two delegates, and shall select one additional delegate for every fifteen hundred (or major fraction thereof) registered Party members within its county as of the forty-fifth day before the Primary Election. Counties falling into more than one congressional district shall allocate their delegates between CDNC's according to the party registration within each district.

Each CDNC shall be called to order by a chairman appointed by the State Party Chairman. They shall meet in the Primary Election year on the third Saturday in May, at a time and place decided by the State Central Committee, to nominate or endorse candidates for United States Congressman and to select delegates to a Statewide Nominating Convention. At that meeting the delegates to the CDNCs shall adopt a ballot procedure for nominating or endorsing a candidate for United States Congress from their respective districts. The procedure adopted must result in a final ballot which achieves a simple majority in favor of each nominated or endorsed candidate. They shall immediately proceed to those nominations or endorsements. Each CDNC shall then select ten delegates to the Statewide Nominating Convention of the Party. Minutes of each CDNC meeting shall be kept by a secretary appointed by the chairman of the convention. The secretary shall certify the results of the convention to the Secretary of State and deliver a copy to the State Party Secretary.

The quorum for a CDNC shall be all those delegates in attendance at a meeting properly noticed by mail posted at least ten days before the convention to all current CDNC delegates. The state party organization shall be responsible for mailing the notice.

E. The Statewide Nominating Convention (SNC)

The SNC of the Party shall consist of the delegates elected by the Congressional District Nominating Conventions.

The SNC shall be called to order by the Chairman of the Party. It shall meet in the Primary Election year on the first Saturday in June, at a time and place decided by the State Central Committee, to nominate or endorse candidates for statewide offices. At that meeting the delegates to the SNC shall adopt a ballot procedure for nominating or endorsing candidates. The procedure adopted must result in a final ballot which achieves a simple majority in favor of each nominated or endorsed candidate. They shall immediately proceed to those nominations or endorsements. Minutes of the SNC shall be kept by the Secretary of the Party. The secretary shall certify the results of the convention to the Secretary of State.

The quorum for a SNC shall be all those delegates in attendance at a meeting properly noticed by mail posted at least ten days before the convention to all current SNC delegates. The state party organization shall be responsible for mailing the notice.

F. The State Central Committee (SCC)

The SCC shall consist of the delegates elected by the County Central Committees of the Party. Each organized county shall be entitled to a minimum of two delegates, with an additional delegate for each fifteen thousand (or major fraction thereof) Party voters registered in its county.

The biennial organizational meeting of the newly elected delegates to the SCC shall be called to order by the current State Chairman on the third Saturday in June, at the time and place decided by the outgoing SCC of the Party, with not less than six days written notice to each SCC delegate. At that organizational meeting, the minimum officers required by Oregon law shall be elected. A constitution and bylaws may be adopted, and further business specified in those bylaws shall be executed. Delegates and alternate delegates to a national party affiliation may be elected when the requirements of this constitution and bylaws have been satisfied. A state party platform may be adopted. Those present at the organizational meeting shall constitute a quorum for that meeting. The one presiding over the organizational meeting shall notify the Secretary of State within seventy-two hours of the officers elected at that meeting, and deliver a copy of any adopted bylaws providing for nomination of candidates to public office to the Secretary of State.

The SCC may call special meetings of the Congressional District Nominating Convention and the State Nominating Convention to nominate candidates for offices on General or Special Election ballots subject to the posting of at least ten days notice to all respective delegates before those conventions.

G. The State Executive Committee (SEC)

The SEC of the Party shall consist of the State Executive Officers and the chairmen of all State Standing Committees.

The SEC shall be authorized to act for the State Central Committee between meetings thereof in matters requiring a simple majority of the State Central Committee, according to standing rules adopted by the State Central Committee. All meetings of the SEC may be attended by any member(s) of the State Central Committee.

Meetings of the SEC may be called by any executive officer of the State Central Committee of the Party.

A quorum for the SEC shall consist of two-thirds of the members of the SEC, unless the meeting was announced at the preceding meeting of the State Central Committee, in which case fifty percent of the members of the SEC shall constitute a quorum.

H. The State Executive Officers

The State Executive Officers shall consist of the Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and the Secretary-Treasurer of the Party.

1. Chairman

The Chairman shall have general charge of the affairs of the Party. The Chairman shall supervise and direct all the officers and committees of the state party organization and have the responsibility of seeing that their duties are properly performed. The Chairman shall call and conduct meetings of the State Central Committee and the Statewide Nominating Convention, and at such meetings report the progress of the party programs. The Chairman shall cosign State Central Committee checks as necessary, shall direct the sending of notice to the Secretary of State when such notice is required by law; shall direct the conveying of the property, records and funds of the State Central Committee to the newly elected State Central Committee; shall maintain communications with any national party with which the Party is affiliated and attend all their meetings as a delegate, or if unable to do so, notify the Vice-Chairman as alternate delegate to attend. The Chairman shall appoint chairmen for the unorganized counties and for the Congressional District Nominating Conventions, subject to the approval of the State Central Committee.

2. Vice Chairman

The Vice-Chairman shall have those duties normal to the office, exercising such powers and performing such duties under the direction of the chairman as may be assigned by the Chairman, the State Central Committee or the State Executive Committee.

The Vice-Chairman shall perform the duties and exercise the powers of the Chairman, as provided for in these bylaws, upon any occasion when the Chairman shall be temporarily unable to perform the official duties of the office, and shall attend all meetings of any national party affiliation as alternate delegate for the Chairman.

3. Secretary-Treasurer

The duties of Secretary-Treasurer shall, when possible, be divided into the two offices of Secretary and Treasurer.

The Secretary shall be responsible for keeping the minutes of all meetings of the State Executive Committee, the State Central Committee and the State Nominating Convention in a book provided for that purpose; shall make copies of the minutes, following their approval, available at cost to any interested party member; shall be responsible for the writing and mailing of all state and congressional district meeting notices required by law; shall cosign State Central Committee checks, as necessary; shall attend all meetings of any national party affiliation as alternate delegate for the Treasurer and shall perform such other services as shall be requested by the Chairman or the State Central Committee.

The Treasurer shall act as the fiscal agent for the State Central Committee for the receipt and disbursement of funds; shall report on the financial status of the state party; shall deposit all moneys and funds of the State Central Committee to the credit of the State Central Committee under the name "Party" in such bank(s) or depository as the State Executive Committee may designate; shall keep account of all receipts and disbursements and shall, upon request, render to the Chairman, the State Executive Committee or the State Central Committee a statement thereof in such detail as shall fully and accurately reflect the financial affairs of the State Central Committee; shall do and perform such other duties as may from time to time be assigned by the Chairman, the State Executive Committee or the State Central Committee; shall not make disbursements without the approval of the State Executive Committee or the State Central Committee; shall cosign State Central Committee checks along with any one other officer so authorized; and shall attend all meetings of any national party affiliation as a delegate or, if unable to do so, notify the Secretary or alternate delegate to attend.

I. The State Standing Committees (SSCs)

The SSC's shall consist of the following:

1) The Bylaws Committee shall prepare recommended changes to the bylaws for consideration by the State Central Committee.

2) The Platform Committee shall prepare a recommended platform and changes thereto for the consideration of the State Central Committee.

3) The Resolutions Committee shall prepare recommended resolutions for the consideration of the State Central Committee.

4) The Finance Committee shall prepare a recommended budget and fund raising plans for the consideration of the State Executive Committee and the State Central Committee.

5) The Credentials Committee shall determine all questions of voting rights in the State Nominating Convention or the State Central Committee.

6) The Policies and Strategies Committee shall prepare recommendations to the State Executive Committee and the State Central Committee on ways to advance the cause of the Party.

7) The Membership Recruitment Committee shall prepare membership recruitment plans to be implemented by the State Executive Committee and the State Central Committee.

8) The Candidate Recruitment Committee shall seek out and evaluate candidates for all state and federal offices. They shall report their findings to the appropriate level of the Party.

9) The Community Relations Committee shall maintain contact with other community organizations and work closely with the Chairman of the State Central Committee to plan actions and events to promote the Party.

Each SSC shall consist of a chairman nominated by the Chairman of the State Central Committee and confirmed by majority vote of the State Central Committee, and not less than two but not more than six additional members nominated from the floor and elected by the State Central Committee.

J. Other Offices and Committees

Other offices and special committees of the Party shall be created as needed, by vote of the State Executive Committee or the State Central Committee and filled by the chairman of the State Central Committee, subject to the approval of the creating body. Their responsibilities and length of existence (up to the biennial organizational meeting) shall be determined by the creating body.

Article IV - Rules of Operation

A. Parliamentary Rules

All business of this organization shall be conducted by Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised except as otherwise provided in the constitution and bylaws of the Party, and applicable USA or Oregon laws.

B. State Party Constitution and Bylaws

It is hereby recognized that the adoption of this constitution and bylaws shall be effected by a simple majority vote of the State Central Committee at or subsequent to its biennial organization meeting, and they shall continue in force unless and until replacements are adopted by majority vote of the subsequent newly organized State Central Committee of the next biennial election.

Alteration, or repeal of this constitution and bylaws for the duration of this State Central Committee or subsequent adopting State Central Committee shall be by two-thirds majority vote of any duly called meeting of the State Central Committee, provided written notice of the changes are included with notice of the meeting, unless brought up from the table of the immediately preceding meeting, in which case a simple majority shall be sufficient.

If any provision of this constitution and bylaws is found to be in conflict with applicable USA or Oregon laws, the remainder of these bylaws shall remain in force as though the item not in compliance were removed by amendment process.

C. State Party Resolutions

Adoption, alteration, or repeal of resolutions in harmony with the Platform of the Party shall be by two-thirds majority vote at any duly called meeting of the State Central Committee, unless brought up from the table of the immediately preceding meeting, or referred to the State Central Committee by the Resolutions Committee, in which case a simple majority shall be sufficient.

D. Standing Rules

Standing rules may be adopted or suspended by the State Central Committee and any County Central Committee by two-thirds majority vote at any meeting.

E. Disbursement of Funds

Disbursement of the funds of the state and county parties shall be by carried motion or standing rule.

F. Recall of State and County Party Officers

Recall of elected or appointed central committee officers of this organization shall be by simple majority vote of any duly called meeting of the central committee previously electing or confirming them, provided that notice of those subject to recall are listed on a notice posted at least six days previous to the meeting, that a petition for their recall bears the signatures of at least one-third the membership of that central committee, and that those subject to recall are allowed to answer the charges brought against them before the vote.

G. Vacancies in Party Office

Vacancies created by death or resignation may be filled at the meeting immediately following the vacancy. Vacancies created by recall may be filled at the meeting at which the recall occurs. Officers who move from their precinct shall be considered to have resigned their office. Election of officers shall be by simple majority vote. In the event of a vacancy in the office of Chairman, the election to select a replacement shall be conducted by the first party officer available in the following line of succession: Vice-Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer, or any other officer of the State Party if all the executive offices shall be vacant.

H. Party Platform

Alteration, or repeal of the currently adopted biennial platform of the Party shall be by two-thirds majority vote of any duly called meeting of the State Central Committee.

Article V - Authority

Though under Oregon Law the State Central Committee is the highest authority in State Party matters, the ultimate authority of this organization is hereby recognized as residing in the general membership of the Precinct Caucuses, with their authority being expressed through resolutions that they adopt and the County Nominating Convention delegates and the County Central Committee precinct committeepersons they elect as set forth in this constitution and bylaws.

Article VI - Special and Transitional Provisions -- The Steering Committee (SC)

The Chairman elected by the Founding Convention of the Party shall have the authority to appoint temporary Chairmen for each county, subject to the approval of those voting delegates present at that Convention. Such chairmen shall form the initial SC.

The SC, which shall consist of all the county party chairmen (elected or appointed) of the Party, shall assume the responsibilities of the State Central Committee and the Statewide Nominating Convention until such time as the Party shall have at least three organized counties in each of at least three congressional districts. The SC shall also act in the place of the Congressional District Nominating Convention of any congressional district not having at least one organized county, as well as in the place of the County Nominating Conventions of the counties within those congressional districts. When acting as the State Central Committee, the SC may fill the office of the State Party Chairman by a majority vote at any meeting and a quorum for each meeting of the SC shall consist of three-fourths the county party chairmen being present. Achievement of a quorum shall constitute proof of adequate notice. If the number of organized counties shall fall below the requirements of this paragraph, the SC shall be re-empowered to function as herein described. The decision to affiliate or unaffiliate with any national political party shall require a 2/3 majority vote in favor by the SC.

If not less than three-fourths of the SC have current working internet access and functioning e-mail, the SC may act on Party business via e-mail in the following manner: (1) Anyone wishing to make a motion shall address it to the SC List; (2) Anyone wishing to second the motion shall post that second to the SC List; (3) All those wishing to discuss the motion shall respond to the motion and to anyone else's posts to the SC List regarding the motion; (4) The Chairman will call for ayes and nayes not less than seventy-two hours and not more than one week after the motion was addressed to the SC List; (5) Each SC member will give his or her aye or nay to the SC List; (6) After not less than three-fourths of the SC members have given an aye or nay, the Chairman will post his ruling to the SC List that the motion adopted or failed, based on the same percentage requirements of a regular meeting; (7) Any SC member may bring the motion up for reconsideration at the next duly called SC meeting, but any motion passed by e-mail will be valid until repealed.

Each county shall be considered unorganized until it shall have at least three organized Precinct Caucuses and no unorganized county shall have delegates to its Congressional District Nominating Convention or the State Central Committee. Satisfaction of the requirements for organization shall automatically entitle each Precinct Caucus, County Nominating Convention, and County Central Committee to representation by their committeepersons and delegates selected according to the procedures outlined herein.

The Chairman of the Party shall have the authority (subject to the approval of the SC, or the approval of the State Executive Committee with the subsequent approval of the State Central Committee when next convened) to appoint a chairman at any time for each unorganized county, such appointed chairman to hold that office until that county shall be organized. The chairman so appointed shall have authority to conduct special biennial organizational meetings in a minimum of three Precinct Caucuses in that county and shall chair the subsequent special biennial organizational meetings of the County Nominating Convention and County Central Committee of that county, all of which shall be announced and otherwise conducted according to the same standards as the regular biennial organizational meetings herein described.

Any Party member resident of any unorganized precinct in any unorganized county may, on his own initiative, call a Precinct Caucus into session for organizational purposes not less than thirty days following the date specified in this constitution and bylaws by giving the notice required for a regular biennial organizational meeting of a Precinct Caucus to all Party members within his home precinct and by following the other provisions herein relating thereto. (That person shall first report his intent to so do to the State Party Chairman.) Those responding to that notice shall have the same authority to act as would a regular biennial organizational meeting of the Precinct Caucus being called by the outgoing County Central Committee or State Central Committee. When not less than three Precinct Caucuses have been so organized and reported to the State Party Chairman, the State Party Chairman shall set a date, time, and place for the County Nominating Convention delegates to be convened. That County Nominating Convention shall set a date, time, and place for the biennial organizational meeting of the County Central Committee of that county, which shall conduct all relevant business set forth herein.

Elected county vice-chairs shall serve as alternates, being counted for quorum and empowered to vote on all matters of business, when their counties' chairs are not in attendance at Steering Committee meetings.

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